【秋山の狼室】Akiyama no Roushya
NIPPO/AKC KISHU KEN & SHIKOKU KEN
Akiyama no Roushya is operated by C.J. McCammon with the help of family, co-owners, and close friends. CJ is involved in public health and disease surveillance professionally. They came to the breeds through their background as a canine behavior specialist, dog trainer, and animal care provider, with an education in behavioral psychology and conservation biology. C.J. joined the Nihon Ken community in 2009 in search of assistance for a client's Shikoku Ken and subsequently became interested in Kishu Ken in 2010. They spent years studying and learning about the breeds, their history, temperament, type, and health, finally obtaining their first Shikoku Ken in 2013 and first Kishu Ken in 2014, both rehomed adults.In 2014, Kishu-Ken.org was published to bring as much unbiased information to English as possible from native Japanese sources, from early publications, and from scholarly articles. In 2015 the kennel moved from Rhode Island to Oregon and has grown since. Shikoku Ken were added to the Akiyama no Roushya in 2020 after TK's (O'IKon's Takoda) earlier in that year. The URL changed from kishu-ken.org to akiyamano.co to reflect the change.
Akiyama no Roushya is an in-home kennel situated in the wet, temperate rainforest of the Willamette Valley in the very first city west of the Rocky Mountains to become incorporated. We are at home only 40 minutes from the lush, steep, volcanic mountain range of the Cascades. We all enjoy adventures in both urban centers and the wilderness the Mount Hood National Forest and Oregon Coast have to offer us.The terrain and flora here is quite similar to that of the Kii peninsula of Japan, and our dogs are well-suited for romps from town to the woods. We invite any prospective Kishu Ken or Shikoku Ken owners and those looking to learn about the breeds into our home, on an adventure downtown, or on a hike.
Kishu Ken vs. Shikoku Ken
Which breed is right for me?
The Kishu Ken and Shikoku Ken have interwoven histories and very similar traits and qualities. Both dogs were developed as medium sized hounds from neighboring regions; Shikoku island is an island off the coast of the Kii peninsula. Both breeds are loyal and tenacious. Both breeds have a great off-switch that makes them easy to live with in the home. This list goes; the Kishu Ken and Shikoku Ken share many standard points as well.It wasn't until recent history that the breeds were divided from regional varieties of one landrace breed ("medium sized Nihonken" under NIPPO) and their historical interbreeding was disallowed. This tends to mean that although they are not entirely interchangeable, if you are a good home for one breed, you may be a good home for the other and the choice can come down to the smaller details.That said, there are modern trends within each population since their official splitting which make it more common to see some traits in one breed versus the other and these trends may spell out dealbreakers for a prospective individual puppy owner or family.
Essays could be written on the similarities between the breeds and so their differences become more important to illustrate. Keep in mind that because of they have shared a fundamental purpose and interwoven histories these differences may not apply to every individual in the two breeds! Plenty of overlap exists and can be very dependent on the line and parentage of the individual in question.One thing that requires mention for the similarities between the breeds is this: When looking at both the Shikoku Ken and the Kishu Ken, be prepared for training impulse control, particularly around prey animals and strange dogs!
Generalizations and finer details...
One might describe the Kishu Ken as a lightning bolt: big and bold and racing to its destination from point A to point B as quickly as possible. The Shikoku Ken, then, reminds me of the oscillating devices during a Tesla demonstration: it performs the same general task, but in a more frenetic and chaotic way. Ultimately, both are electrical forces that are seeking the same thing.For those who do not visualize in that way:Are you an extrovert or always looking for a new big adventure? If you like dogs that will accompany you to the brewery, downtown, or a busy party and it's important that your dogs like friends and strangers alike, the Kishu Ken is your perfect match of the two. These social and exuberant dogs are enthusiastic hunters - whether that's on the trail for a good chase, good eats, or a new friend. Kishu Ken wear their heart on their sleeve and give their all in every endeavor. You'll never question how your Kishu Ken is feeling.Many Kishu Ken have a difficult time knowing when to quit their fun or activities and need help with their impulse control. They need to be taught how to quit while they're ahead. To successfully rear a Kishu Ken their partner and handler must advocate for their needs and intervene when it's time to eat a snickers or take a nap. A Kishu Ken over threshold can be difficult to spot because they do not shut down or stop taking reward and sometimes their stress escapes notice until they become a dragon or a shark.Maybe you're an introvert who prefers the company of good friends in a quiet space. The Shikoku Ken may enjoy your lifestyle. The Shikoku Ken is a sensitive soul who needs strong and kind socialization as a young dog and into adulthood to feel confident in many situations. Many dogs like the people they know and the comfort of familiarity. The Shikoku Ken wants to have fun in company they know the best. This does not mean they are demure or sedate: they are adrenaline and serotonin seekers waiting for their next rush, when they are their best selves.The Shikoku Ken tends to grow uncomfortable with the unknown and may withdraw within themselves when stressed. This may make it difficult to know when to step in and advocate for your Shikoku Ken or reward them when they need it most. This becomes challenging when raising a Shikoku Ken because if the person they trust most consistently fails to recognize their struggle, the Shikoku Ken may feel they need to advocate for themselves and become wary or aggressive with strangers.
The above image is the common experience or generalization for the entire breed. Plenty of Shikoku Ken individuals who are higher drive or energy exist, as do Kishu Ken who are more sensitive or are wary of strangers! Discuss your breeder's lines, dogs, and goals to find the dog that fits your home.
Kishu Ken vs. Shikoku Ken: Standards
The following are English language standard-prototypes taken from the Nihon Ken Hozonkai and written in the language and format established by the American Kennel Club's standard writing documents. These are not official standards but are published on this website to act as a comparison between the Kishu Ken and Shikoku Ken in the Nihon Ken Hozonkai's known standard and its expanded materials as these sources are not yet translated into English in a single officla document. The Nihon Ken Hozonkai standard is the basis for the standard brought to FCI through JKC, but lacks expanded material.It is up to the respective breed clubs (the National Kishu Ken Club & American Shikoku Ken Club [formerly the North American Shikoku Club]) to establish their standards with the AKC.
|Kishu Ken||Shikoku Ken|
|General Appearance. The Kishu Ken is a large game hound used in the densely forested mountains of the Kii peninsula. They are spirited, alert, and rustic in appearance, with compact, but well-developed muscles. Kishu Ken are most often white-coated and medium-sized, with erect ears, a tail held over the back, and a keen expression.||General Appearance. The Shikoku Ken is a large game hunting dog from the mountainous island of Shikoku. They are typical of other Japanese spitz-type hounds with a dense and harsh coat, erect ears, and a tail that is held over their back. They are a nimble and spirited dog with sharp senses and a keen intuition.|
|Size, Proportion, Substance. Height is 20.5 inches for males and 19 inches for females. A deviation of 1.5 inches in either direction for both sexes is permitted. Proportions should be very slightly longer than tall, at a ratio of 10:11. Females are very slightly longer than males. A Kishu Ken is well-muscled with moderate substance.||Size, Proportion, Substance. Size is 20.5 inches for males and 19 inches for females. A tolerance of 1.5 inches in either direction is permitted. Sexual dimorphism between males and females is evident. The body is strong and muscular, never with excess weight. The ratio is slightly longer than tall at 10:11. Females are somewhat longer than males.|
|Head Expression is confident and intense. In males the expression is bold and sharp. In females the expression is somewhat kinder and evidently feminine. Eyes are somewhat triangular and very dark in color. The bottom line of the eye is nearly straight and angled slightly upward from the muzzle to the outer eye. The top line of the eye is like the rounded top of a triangle. The flesh of the eye rim is dark. Ears are erect. The inner line of the ear is straight. The outer line is somewhat rounded. The ears are inclined forward at an approximately 90° angle when compared against the top of the skull in profile. Hanging or dropped ears which are not related to injuries are a disqualification. Those which are hanging or damaged due to injury are to be evaluated by the judge who may determine the severity of the fault. Skull is broad and substantial, with a wide forehead. Stop is moderate and has a slight furrow to the brow. Muzzle is straight and firm. The shape should resemble a thick wedge from the nose to the cheeks. Nose is black. Flesh colored noses are permitted in white dogs. Lips are tight and straight. Bite is strong and substantial and comes together in a scissor. Kishu Ken have a full set of robust teeth. Malocclusion (underbite or overbite) is a disqualification. Missing teeth are a severe fault. Broken or surgically removed teeth due to injury are not to be penalized.||Head Expression. The expression is intense. The masculine expression gives the impression of strength. The female expression is somewhat more gentle. Eyes. The eyes are a somewhat triangular almond shape and slightly upturned from the inner point to the outer point. The color is a very dark tea-brown. Excessively pale eyes such as yellow or gray-blue are a disqualification. Ears. The ear size is in proportion to the head. Ears are shaped somewhat like a scalene triangle. The inner ear is straight. The outer ear is somewhat curved inward. Ears are erect and inclined slightly forward. The ears are set to bring balance to the front and back of the skull in profile. Hanging or dropped ears are a disqualification. Skull. The forehead is wide and the cheeks are well-developed. Stop. The stop is moderate, neither remarkably shallow nor abrupt, with a visible transition from the eyebrow to the muzzle. Muzzle. Straight, thick, and firm, forming a blunted wedge to the full cheeks. Nose. The nose is black with firm nose leather. Lips. The lips are tight and thick. The lips cover the teeth but do not droop or have excess covering the lower jaw. Bite. Strong and firm, coming together in a scissor. The Shikoku Ken has full dentition. The teeth are robust and strong. Malocclusion, the bite coming together in an overbite or underbite, is a disqualification. Broken or weak teeth are to be evaluated and faulted to the judge’s discretion.|
|Neck, Topline and Body Neck is thick and muscular. Topline is straight from the back of the shoulder to the tail, and strong. Body is athletic and muscular. The Kishu Ken are presented in fit condition for hunting and other physical activity. Chest has an ovular shape and takes up no less than 45% of the total dog height. The forechest is robustly developed. Ribs are well sprung and may be seen or felt upon exam. Underline is slightly tucked up from the chest to the loin. Loins are strong. Tail is moderately thick, expressive, and powerful. It is carried over the back as a sabre, a sickle, or carried as a curl. Tails are set high and do not lie flat on the back. The tail is ideally a sickle which is carried parallel with the back or a single curl which rises well over the back before dropping below the topline. Tails which are carried erect vertically and double curls are permitted. The length of the tail reaches the top of the hock when measured. Hanging tails that cannot curl over the back and bobtails are a disqualification. Kinked tails are to be evaluated by a judge who may determine the severity of the fault.||Neck, Topline and Body. Neck. The neck is thick and muscular. Topline. The topline is straight from the back of the shoulder to the tail, and strong. Body. The body is dry, athletic, and muscular. Chest. The chest has an ovular shape and meets the elbows. It is no less than 45% of the height. The forechest is well developed. Ribs. The ribs are well sprung. Underline. The underline is slightly tucked up from the chest to the loin. Loins. The loins are strong. Tail. The tail is moderately thick. Carried properly, the tail gives the impression of confidence and power. It is carried over the back in a curl or a sickle that does not lay directly on the back. A sickle held parallel with the back or a loose curl is ideal. A tail which has a double curl or points vertically upward is permitted. Ideally, the tail does not drop unless at complete rest. It is moderate in length and falls to the hock when down.|
|Forequarters Angulation is moderate. Shoulders are moderately sloping, and have well-developed muscle. Upper Arm meets the shoulder at a 110-120° angle. Elbows are held close to the body. Legs are spaced at the same width as the body, are straight, and parallel. Pasterns are strong, set at a somewhat open angle. Feet and toes are tight, with strong grip. Pads are thick and flexible. Nails are dark in color. Light nails permitted. White dogs are not to be penalized for light nail color.||Forequarters. Angulation. Angulation is moderate to be in balance with the hindquarters. Shoulders. Shoulders are moderately sloping, and have well-developed muscle. Upper Arm. The Upper Arm meets the shoulder at a moderate angle. Elbows. Elbows are tucked close to the body. Legs. The forelegs are spaced at the same width as the body. They are straight and parallel. Pasterns. Pasterns are strong, set somewhat upright. Feet. The feet have tight toes with strong grip. Pads. Pads of the feet are thick and flexible. Nails. Nails are dark in color. Light nails are permitted.|
|Hindquarters Angulation is moderate, to match the front. The rear of the thigh and the front of the hock lie along a vertical line. Legs are strong, well-muscled, spaced the same width as the waist or lower back, and straight. Upper Thigh is well-developed, and somewhat long. Stifle is strong. Second Thigh is slightly shorter than the upper thigh. Hocks are tough, and strong and should not appear to turn significantly in or out. Dewclaws, called “wolf claw”, should be removed, particularly when weak, but are permitted. Feet, pads, and nails as in the front.||Hindquarters. Angulation. Rear angulation is moderate, in balance with the forequarters. The rear of the thigh and the front of the hock ideally lie together along a vertical line. Legs. Hindlegs are strong, well-muscled, spaced the same width as the waist or lower back, and straight. Upper Thigh. The upper thigh is well-developed and longer than the lower thigh. Stifle. Stifles are strong. Lower Thigh. The lower thigh is slightly shorter than the upper thigh. Hocks. The hocks are tough and strong and do not turn significantly in or out. Dewclaws. There are no dewclaws on the hindquarters. Feet, pads, and nails are as in forequarters.|
|Coat. The guard hair is hard and coarse and stands when the Kishu Ken has a full undercoat. Undercoats are soft and dense when grown in for the season. Kishu Ken have full seasonal sheds which diminish the undercoat. The tail hair is longer than the body, but stands the same. The coat is rustic and natural.||Coat. The Shikoku Ken has a double coat. The undercoat is dense and may be somewhat soft, pushing the hard guard coat away from the body to stand on end. The guard hair is hard and coarse to touch. The tail hair is somewhat longer than the body hair. The coat comes together as rustic and resistant to the elements. It is shown naturally.|
|Color. Kishu Ken have a number of acceptable coat colors. White is the most common coat color, and appears as pure white to a biscuit-like, pale yellow. Ideally white coats have a natural or rustic quality and are not bleach or purely white. Areas of somewhat darker color than the body overall may lie along the dorsal stripe, down the tail, and frame the tips of the ears. Sesame is a wild-type coat color with an even mixture of red, black, and white hair. Sesame is sometimes further divided into Red Sesame for dogs which are sesame, but have a predominantly red appearance, and Black Sesame which is a sesame dog with a predominantly black appearance. Black hair is distributed evenly over the body, no matter how dense or sparse it appears. Sesame coats should always have obvious red pigment, and never appear washed out or gray. Red is an evenly-pigmented red-orange coat that should not be so pale it appears yellow, or so dark it appears “burnt”. Black is a predominantly black coat with tan marks in a pointed pattern. Black dogs should have a rust-colored or brownish appearance to the fur and undercoat, never blue or solid black. Tan points appear as a spot over each eye, the sides of the muzzle and cheeks, as a bib under the jaw, down the insides of each leg, on the paws, and under the tail. On all but White coats, the undersides are clearly paler than the body color, especially on the chest, the cheeks, and the underside of the tail (“urajiro”). White coats are not to be penalized for not exhibiting urajiro. Pinto markings (white markings that interrupt the body color by reaching past the elbow, point of shoulder, or underside of a dog) are faulted. Black masks are not desired.||Color. There are 5 standard coat colors, 1 faulted coat color, and 1 faulted marking. Standard coat colors are: Red, a rich, red-orange color which should not be washed out or yellow in appearance nor oversaturated to the point where the coat looks entirely orange. Sesame, a wild-type coat color which combines white, red, and black hairs evenly over the body. A correct sesame dog has a well-blended coat where no one admixed color is in concentration over the other. Red sesame is a variation on sesame where red pigment is in the majority. Black sesame is a variation on sesame where black pigment is in the majority. In the case of all sesame coats, the pigment of the red hairs in the admixture should be rich, such as is seen in the red coat color. Black (black and tan) describes a black dog with a tan point pattern. Black dogs are not to have a dull or brown pigment to the fur, nor should they appear blue or aubergine in the light. Tan points are marked over the eyes, the sides of the muzzle and cheeks, under the jaw, on the chest in front of the shoulder joint, on the extremity of each leg to the paw, inside the leg, and under the tail. Ideally, the black coated dogs do not have a purely black undercoat. White, seen as a solid colored dog of pure white to a light cream or pale yellow, is a serious fault. Urajiro, or pale markings on the ventral portion of the dog, should be visible on all coat colors. These markings lie along a similar pattern to tan points on a black dog: in the eyebrow, on the side of the muzzle, on the cheeks, on the underside of the jaw, on the paws and the inside of the legs, and under the tail. Regarding white markings: white markings are tolerated on the front legs under the elbow, on the chest not past the point of shoulder, and on the tip of the tail. Pinto, white markings which interrupt the body color of the dog, are a serious fault. Note: required urajiro is a separate entity to white markings and pinto.|
|Gait. The Kishu Ken is a sharp and nimble dog. The gait is elastic and light.||Gait. The Shikoku Ken is an athletic and resilient dog possessed of grace and endurance. The gait is light and effortless.|
|Temperament. Bold and dignified, but docile in nature. The Kishu Ken is exceptionally alert, noble, and a keen observer who appears to have the courage and spirit that makes them ready for a challenge. They are amenable when approached by neutral strangers as they are docile and faithful to their handler. A correct Kishu Ken temperament is visible when evaluating the dog and is part of the natural beauty of the dog. The Kishu Ken is a dog with a moving presence and rustic charm. Handler-targeted aggression of any kind is a disqualification. Overt aggression toward neutral or friendly strangers is a disqualification. Extreme shyness from which the dog does not recover when removed from the stimulus is a disqualification. Addressing a judge who approaches from the side or rear of the dog instead of the front is not to be considered a measure of shyness or aggression.||Temperament. The Shikoku Ken is a spirited and enthusiastic dog with keen senses. They maintain the alert attitude and fierceness necessary to pursue large game. Despite this, the Shikoku Ken is devoted to and docile toward his family. The Shikoku Ken has a lively spirit, brimming with enthusiasm and readiness to act and react. A correct dog has devotion and docility toward their family and handler. The bond shared between the Shikoku Ken and their handler is a cornerstone for the Shikoku Ken’s experience throughout their life. The Shikoku Ken temperament and appearance knit together in a vigorous presence. Handler-targeted aggression is a disqualification. Addressing a judge who approaches from the side or the rear instead of the front of the dog is not a measure of shyness or aggression.|
Our breeding and prospective breeding Kishu Ken. We have historically focused on diversity of the Kishu Ken and obtained or bred dogs of varying backgrounds to help sustain a US population of NIPPO-registered Kishu Ken. Akiyama no Roushya has wanted to bring the stable and easily motivated temperaments of the hunting line dogs in our foundation to the excellent breed type of the show line dogs more recently imported. As a secondary goal, due to the prevalence of yuushoku coats in our production, we attempt to breed vibrant and more standard-fitting yuushoku dogs.
|DASH Akiyama no Roushya Akagi go||[f]||Dec 18 2019||sesame||link||link|
|Akiyama no Roushya Kaiki no Tokumine go SPOT||[f]||Jan 04 2021||white||link||link|
|RBIS IntCH Akiyama no Roushya Kokuchou go TKN EXC co-own||[f]||Jul 09 2017||sesame||link||link|
|UKC CH Akiyama no Roushya Tenrou go ATT TKN||[m]||Dec 18 2019||red sesame||link||link|
|UKC CH Hakuzan no Sekirou go Hakuzan Ryousou EXC ROMX||[m]||Feb 16 2016||red||link||link|
|DASH UKC CH Jikino Kensha no Nami no Aima TKN EXC co-own||[m]||Oct 12 2017||white||link||link|
|RBIS UKC CH Katsuichime go Tomoe CM BCAT RATI RATN CGC TKN VCX co-own||[f]||Jan 18 2021||white||link||link|
|RACEA UKC CH Katsusaburou go Tomoe BCAT VC co-own||[m]||Jan 18 2021||white||link||link|
|RBISS Seihoume go Hakushuu Daizan sou EXC ROMX co-own||[f]||Oct 16 2016||white||link||link|
We are an NAKC member working with breeders nationally and internationally including Akagawa Roushya and Ourou sou.
The breeding and prospective breeding Shikoku Ken at Akiyama no Roushya. There are many Shikoku Ken breeders in the USA who report that they focus on diversity and so this was not necessary for us like it was with the Kishu Ken. Akiyama no Roushya's focus in Shikoku Ken is to select for temperament and type and have acquired dogs which fit our vision of what a Shikoku Ken should be or should be able to accomplish. Many of these Shikoku Ken have primarily Nidai Iwahori sou in their recent background and were selected from our friends' work with the breed, with family trees of proven and health tested dogs.
|Akihana no Ishizuchi go guardian home||[m]||Oct 17 2021||red||link||link|
|RBIS IntCH Chidori go Hachidorisou||[f]||Mar 28 2019||black sesame||link||link|
|Jikino Kensha no Katana no Hira go co-own||[f]||Oct 08 2022||black sesame||link||link|
|FI CH LT CH NO CH Kazehime go Awa Yamainu sou leased||[f]||Sept 18 2017||red sesame||link||link|
We are an ASKC member working with breeders nationally and internationally.
Kazehime go Awa Yamainu sou is owned by Jikino Kensha.
Retired Kishu Ken & Shikoku Ken
Dogs who have since retired from breeding. These are listed for posterity and history within our chosen breeds.
|Gomataro go Bousou Yawara sou co-own||[m]||Dec 17 2015||sesame||link||link|
|MBIS UKC ALCH Oosaka no Sekihime go Kishuu Yoshitaka sou ATT HH RATI SPOT VCX EXC ROM||[f]||Oct 25 2011||red sesame||link||link|
In our hearts forever, and in our history. These are guardian dogs, co-own dogs, and personal dogs who have since left us - regardless of if they were used for breeding or not.
|Jikino Kensha no Takara go co-own||Shikoku Ken||[m]||Jun 21 2020||Aug 8 2022||Heat Stroke|
|O'Ikon Takoda CGC||Shikoku Ken||[m]||Nov 21 2006||Jul 24 2020||Brain Cancer|
|UKC CH Sagami no Roushya Kaneko go RATI RATN SPOT VC||Kishu Ken||[f]||May 28 2014||Mar 28 2022||Myasthenia Gravis|
|Tenkuu no Kouki go Mie Tenkuu sou||Kishu Ken||[f]||Oct 8 2013||Dec 13 2019||Behavioral Euthanasia|
Available Kishu Ken & Shikoku Ken
Adult dogs who are available as rehomed pets, guardian, or co-own situations for show, performance, and companionship. Email for more information.
Upcoming Kishu Ken & Shikoku Ken Litters
Litter plans subject to change. Akiyama no Roushya puppies are placed on contract and are $2500 prior to transportation arrangements. $500 of this must be submitted as a holding fee to get on our wait list after an approved interview. There is no official puppy application. All interviews are performed via conversation online, over the phone, or via local meetup. Our puppies are AKC and NIPPO registered by default and may be FCI registered via FCPR or UKC registered.
|Kishu Ken||Spring 2023||Sakura no Bunta go||Kokuchou go||red sesame, sesame||link|
|Shikoku Ken||Summer 2023||Selected Import||Kazehime go (leased)||red sesame, sesame||link|
|Kishu Ken||Winter 2024||Katsusaburou go||Kaiki no Tokumine go||white||link|
waitlisted homes only / no puppies available
Importing Kishu Ken & Shikoku Puppies
Akiyama no Roushya is always looking for co-owners and guardian homes for import puppies who may be evaluated for breeding. If you are interested in conformation or breeding yourself and would like to use our breeder connections for Kishu Ken or Shikoku Ken, you may reach out to us privately. Keep in mind that nearly no Japanese breeders health test parent dogs before breeding and health cannot be as carefully predicted when dogs are coming from Japan.Imported puppies may cost between $2000-4000 depending on the breeder. Akiyama no Roushya offers reimbursement or a puppy back when a co-owned dog has produced two (2) litters unless another agreement has been made. With all dogs who pass our evaluations, the co-owner or guardian is then committed to permit Akiyama no Roushya have access to the imported dog to produce no more than two (2) litters unless otherwise agreed upon or the first litter was to the dog's detriment.We in turn require all imports placed as guardian or co-own be left intact until breeding evaluations and health testing can be performed. If health testing or physical evaluation of the dog disqualifies them from our standards but the dog is otherwise within standard and healthy, we will sign the dog over to the home for private use (as a prospective breeding candidate.) If they do not pass their health testing or develop in a way that lacks merit, Akiyama no Roushya can sign the imported puppy/dog over as a pet without breeding rights.
For more information about our dogs and plans, to fill out a litter application, or to meet out dogs, please contact us below. Texts to the phone number or whatsapp will be returned faster than phone calls due to our work and dog training/activity schedule.
You may also contact us and see more of our lifestyle and our dogs on our social links below: